TAIWAN: With the fact of limited capacity expansion, CAPEX, immersion scanner and difficulty of technology migration below 40nm, DRAM supply bit growth will be limited in 2010 to 2012. Also, credit to recovering global economy, strong demand for corporate replacement and smartphone, DRAM demand will show the strong momentum. DRAMeXchange expect three consecutive profitable years for DRAM vendors are highly anticipated and achievable.
Given the cyclical pattern that DRAM industry been through in past years, DRAMeXchange identify that individual completed industrial cycle is three years. According to Fig. 1 for OPM analysis. DRAM vendors experienced three continuous lost from 2001-2003 and consecutive profit from 2004 to 2006, followed by another decline from 2007 to 2009.
In 2010, DRAM vendors start to turn to profit and enter another profit cycle. Given the recovering global economy, corporate replacement and consumer stimulate by Windows 7, limited DRAM CAPEX and technology migration bottleneck, DRAMeXchange expects that the DRAM industry likely enter another positive cycle with anticipated profit in next three years.
The global economy has reovered since 2H09 that IMF has upsided 2010 WW GDP grwoth from 3.1 percent to 3.9 percent, while China GDP growth is exepcted to be 9.5 percent from 8.7 percent in 2009. China is proved to be the strong economic growth momentum. According to the consumer confidence index, Europe and Japan have walked out the bottom. Govenments have aggressively lower down the unemployment rate via strong econonic policy that we expect it will bring postive impact on PC shipment growth in coming years.
Windows Vista, launched in 2007 by Microsoft, did not trigger any replacement effect accordingly. However, DRAMeXchange expects the new OS windows 7 will play the important parts in consumer and corporate PC replacement that PC shipment YoY growth is estimated at 12-17 percent in the next three years.
According to DRAMeXchange, the 2010 smartphone shipment YoY growth rate is expected to be 28.6 percent. DRAMeXchange believes that strong smartphone momentum will boost the demand of mobile DRAM. The 2009 mainstream mobile DRAM density for smartphone is 128MB while 2010 mainstream mobile DRAM density for smartphone will be up to 256MB.
DRAMeXchange expects 512 MB density will be designed for next generation smartphone. That is, given the strong shipment and content growth momentum, mobile DRAM will turn to another driver of DRAM demand. According to our check, Apple’s iPad shipment is estimated at 7.5M units in 2010 and its 512MB mobile DRAM spectrum will raise mobile DRAM demand. This situation will enable DRAM vendors such as Samsung, Hynix, Elpida to increase mobile DRAM output, which is expected to cannibalize the output for commodity DRAM capacity.
Impact by the global financial crisis in 4Q08, DRAM vendors are forced to cut the CAPEX due to the huge lost and weak financial structure. 2009 overal DRAM CAPEX is down to the level of $4.3 billion, which is lower than the level of $5.3 billion in 2002. The 2010 CAPEX is estimated up 93 percent to $8.36 billion. However, this level is still quite low compared to the historical figures. CAPEX will be expected to stably grow along with the profit status that DRAM vendors enter.
Immersion scanners are required for 50nm and below technology migration. Besides the DRAM industry, other semiconductor vendors such as TSMC and UMC will also need immersion scanners on technology migration. ASML, the supplier of immersion scanner, has occupied above 90 percent market share accordingly. With the full utilization status, the time table for delivery becomes uncertain and this situation may delay the technology migration for DRAM vendors.
As for technology migration, Samsung is the only vendor can achieve 4xnm technology product mass production while Hynix and Elpida will do so in 2Q10. However, any possibility of shortage will happen if technology migration progress did not follow the schedule. Moreover, even though 40nm technology is migrated smoothly in 2011, yet the investment will be more demanded since difficulty for technology migration below 40nm will be claimed. DRAMeXchange expects the DRAM supply bit growth rate will be merely 40 percent given the limited capacity expansion and difficulty on any technology migration below 40nm.