Friends, here is the full report on iSuppli's recent activity titled "Mixed Signals in OEM Design Activities".
Min-Sun Moon, senior analyst, Semiconductor Spend and Design, iSuppli, discussed how the "values" of design activities are discerned globally and how design decisions are made by a given country.
This report should be of particular interest to the Indian semiconductor design industry as it is apparent there is considerable scope for growth and development.
It is very well documented that everyone has been hit hard by the economic downturn. The electronic OEMs are no exception. They have also reduced shipments. The average selling prices (ASPs) of semiconductor devices have dropped dramatically as well.
Top six design influencing countries
As per iSuppli's Design Activity Tool, the top six countries leading in the design influence are as follow: USA, Japan, China/Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea and Germany. The United States retains the no. 1 position, followed by Japan and China.
The dramatic changes in ASPs of chips and products meant an almost about 5 percent drop in semiconductor spend in 2008, and above 21 percent drop in semiconductor spend by the top OEMs in 2009. Hence, design activities by top OEMs dropped significantly.
The USA apparently has been going through a tough period, and it does not seem to have a bright future in 2009-10 due to drop in design spends. However, in 2010, it should post about 9-10 percent growth. The top design influencers in the USA include HP, Dell, Apple and Motorola.
China seizes opportunity
According to Moon, Japan retained the second position. However, China has seized the opportunity during the recession. It has some growth compared to other countries who have had negative growth this year.
China still remains one of the most attractive markets for OEMs to enter. Many top OEM have either opened or expanded R&D centers in China in the last few years.
However, because of the recession, the expansion by OEMs slowed down in China during 2009. Nevertheless, the Chinese market continues to grow. In the next few years, China will grow and the other countries will have some positive growth as well, but their growth will be slower than that of China.
China has also been showing interesting signs. Some Chinese companies are trying to enter new markets, such as automotive.
China is currently the third largest country in terms of design influence. The design share is about 10 percent in 2009. China could get close to Japan and the USA, but it will not happen in the near future though.
Top five countries in 2009
In 2009, the top five countries by design influence spend share are as follows: USA -- 31 percent, Japan -- 25 percent, China/Hong Kong -- 10 percent, Taiwan -- 8 percent, South Korea -- 7 percent, and the Rest of the World -- 19 percent.
Mixed signals are apparent in the design activities by country. For instance, this year, the USA has been losing market share. A large percent of design activities are moving to the Asia Pacific region. Some business in the USA is being continued or reduced -- and being moved to other regions -- in order to maintain the business and lower the cost of operations.
Japan's design spend share increased from 22 percent (approximately $40 bn in 2008) to 25 percent in 2009. Japan is bringing a lot of design activities back home.
Taiwan used to be third largest in the design influence, but has now dropped to the fourth position, with share in design spend reaching 8 percent in 2009. China also contributed to the changes here. However, it is still better than others as some OEMs are still outsourcing to some ODMs located in Taiwan.
Identifying targets by regions
iSuppli gave examples of designing with sensors and actuators, and LEDs, as these are very popular currently.
According to Moon, designs using sensors and actuators have been more than 30 percent in the USA, while Japan has more than 25 percent. It is over 20 percent in Europe, while such designs have been less in Asia Pacific -- above 15 percent.
The biggest influencers for sensors and actuators in the USA are said to be Apple, HP and TRW Automotive.
For LEDs, more use has been happening in Japan -- over 30 percent. As an example, there are more LED TV design activities in Japan. The biggest influencers for LEDs in Japan are Canon and Sony.
Changes due to M&A
Another trend visible in the design spend share has been the changes due to mergers and acquisitions.
As an example, we have the Mitac Group, which acquired Magellan's consumer products division. In 2008, Mitac Group had 78 percent spend in Taiwan, and 18 percent in the USA. After acquiring Magellan, Taiwan's design spend share became 57 percent and USA's became 13 percent. On the other hand, France's share grew to 17 percent and Russia's to 7 percent. This indicates that country-wise, budgets do get changed. This is just one example.
These are indeed very interesting numbers and facts, and as mentioned earlier, India has a considerable opportunity as an influencer in the semiconductor design spend going forward.